Explain The Purpose Of The Photoshop Application – Photoshop redirects here. For the colloquial verb meaning photo manipulation, see Photoshop (verb). For other purposes, see Photoshop (disambiguation).
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Explain The Purpose Of The Photoshop Application
Adobe Photoshop is a bitmap graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Inc. for Windows and macOS. It was created in 1987 by Thomas and John Noll. Since then, the software has become the most widely used tool for professional digital art, especially bitmap editing. The name of the software is often used colloquially as a verb (eg “photoshop image”, “photoshop” and “photoshop contest”)
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Photoshop can edit and combine bitmap images in multiple layers and supports masks, alpha compositing, and multiple color patterns. Photoshop uses its own PSD and PSB file formats to support these features. In addition to bitmap graphics, Photoshop has limited options for editing or editing text and vector graphics (especially via the clipping path for the latter), as well as 3D graphics and video. The set of features can be extended by plugins; programs developed and distributed independently of Photoshop that run on Photoshop and provide new or modified features.
Photoshop’s naming scheme was originally based on version numbers. However, in October 2002 (after the Creative Suite branding) every new version of Photoshop was labeled “CS” plus a number; for example, the eighth major version of Photoshop was Photoshop CS, and the ninth was Photoshop CS2. Photoshop CS3 through CS6 are also distributed in two different versions: Standard and Extded. With the introduction of the Creative Cloud brand in June 2013 (and in turn the change from the suffix “CS” to “CC”), Photoshop’s licensing scheme changed to a software licensing scheme and a similar service delivery model . Historically, Photoshop came with additional software such as Adobe ImageReady, Adobe Fireworks, Adobe Bridge, Adobe Device Ctral, and Adobe Camera RAW.
In addition to Photoshop, Adobe also develops and publishes Photoshop Elements, Photoshop Lightroom, Photoshop Express, Photoshop Fix, Adobe Illustrator, and Photoshop Mix. As of November 2019, Adobe also released a full version of Photoshop for iPad, and although initially limited, Adobe plans to add more features to Photoshop for iPad.
Photoshop was developed in 1987 by two brothers, Thomas and John Noll, who sold a distribution license to Adobe Systems Incorporated in 1988. Thomas Knoll, Ph.D. A student at the University of Michigan, he began writing a Macintosh Plus program to display grayscale images on a monochrome display. This program (then called Display) caught the attention of his brother John, an employee of Industrial Light & Magic, who recommended that Thomas turn it into a full-fledged image editing program. Thomas took a six-month break from his studies in 1988 to collaborate with his brother on the program. Thomas hit ImagePro, but the title was already taken.
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Later that year, Thomas dropped his Photoshop program and entered into a short-term deal with scanner manufacturer Barneyscan to distribute copies of the slide scanning program; thus “about 200 Photoshop copies were submitted in total”.
At this point, John went to Silicon Valley and demonstrated the program to Apple Computer engineers and Russell Brown, Adobe’s art director. Both shows were successful, and in September 1988, Adobe decided to buy a license to distribute it.
While John worked on plugins in California, Thomas stayed in Ann Arbor writing code. Photoshop 1.0 was released on February 19, 1990 for Macintosh only.
The Barneyscan version included advanced color editing features that were missing from the first version delivered by Adobe. Color management gradually improved with each release from Adobe, and Photoshop quickly became the industry standard for digital color editing. When Photoshop 1.0 was released, digital retouching on dedicated high-resolution systems (such as Scitex) cost about $300 per hour for basic photo retouching. The list price of Photoshop 1.0 for Macintosh in 1990 was $895.
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Photoshop was originally only available on the Macintosh. In 1993, Adobe’s chief architect Sitharaman Narayanan brought Photoshop to Microsoft Windows. The Windows port allowed Photoshop to reach a wider mass market audience as Microsoft expanded its global reach over the next few years.
On March 31, 1995, Adobe purchased the rights to Photoshop from Thomas and John Knoll for $34.5 million, so that Adobe no longer had to pay royalties for each copy sold.
A PSD file saves an image with support for all Photoshop functions; these include layers with masks, transparency, text, alpha channels and spot colors, clipping paths and duotone settings. This is in contrast to many other file formats (such as .JPG or .GIF) which limit the border to provide simplified and predictable functionality. A PSD file has a maximum height and width of 30,000 pixels and a length limit of two gigabytes.
Since its inception, Photoshop has been able to save files in other formats, including TIF, JPEG, and GIF. These files are smaller than PSD files because they lack the editing capabilities of PSD files. These formats are required to use the file in publications or on the Internet. Discontinued Adobe PageMaker requires TIF format.
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Photoshop can also create and use files with the .PSB extension, which stands for “Photoshop Big” (also known as “large document format”).
A PSB file extends the PSD file format by increasing the maximum height and width to 300,000 pixels and a length limit of approximately 4 exabytes. The size limit was chosen arbitrarily by Adobe, not based on computer arithmetic limitations (it is not close to a power of two, such as 30,000), but to facilitate software testing. PSD and PSB formats are documented.
Due to Photoshop’s popularity, PSD files are widely used and supported to some degree by most of its competitors, including GIMP and Affinity Photo. The .PSD file format can be exported to and from other Adobe programs, such as Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Premiere Pro, and After Effects.
Photoshop functionality can be extended with additional programs called Photoshop plug-ins (or plug-ins). Adobe creates some of these, such as Adobe Camera Raw, but most are developed by third parties. Some are free and some are commercial. Most plugins work only with Photoshop or Photoshop-compatible hosts, but some can also be run as standalone programs.
There are many types of plugins such as filtering, exporting, importing, selection, color correction and automation. The most popular filter plugins (also known as 8bf plugins) are available in the Filter mu section of Photoshop. Filter plugins can modify current images or create a continuation. Here are some popular types of plugins and some well-known companies associated with them:
Adobe Camera Raw (also known as ACR and Camera Raw) is a special plug-in offered free of charge by Adobe and used primarily to read and process image files so that the resulting images can be processed in Photoshop.
Photoshop and derivatives such as Photoshopped (or simply Shopped) have become verbs that are sometimes used to refer to images edited in Photoshop,
Or any image processing program. The same thing happens not only in Glish, but as Wikipedia’s image manipulation test in Portuguese demonstrates, ev in this language is followed by the Portuguese verb ending -ar, which makes the word “photoshopar”. Adobe does not recommend such derivatives
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Because to maintain authenticity and protect the brand from becoming generic, brands must be used as proper names.
This section needs expansion: more information about previous CS versions, less trivia about CS/CC versions. You can help by adding. (September 2019)
Photoshop’s naming scheme was originally based on version numbers, from version 0.07 (codename “Bond”; double-oh-sev), to version 0.87 (codename “Seurat”, which was the first commercial version , sold as “Barneyscan XP”), version. 1.0 (February 1990) to version 7.0.1. Adobe released 7 major releases and many additional releases before releasing version 8.0 in October 2003, which brought with it the Creative Suite branding.
In February 2013, Adobe donated the source code of Photoshop version 1.0.1 from 1990 to the Computer History Museum.
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Version 0.87 (March 1980) was the first publicly available version of Photoshop, distributed commercially as “Barneyscan XP”.
The main notable features will be: Filters, Color Separation, Virtual Memory (1.0), Paths, CMYK Color (2.0), 16-bit per channel support, Microsoft Windows Availability (2.5), Layers, Tabs, Tabs (3.0), Adjustments, Actions , Free Transform, PNG support (4.0), Editable Type, Magnetic Lasso and P, Free Shape P, Multiple Undo, Layer Effects (5.0), Save for Web (5.5), Vector Shapes, Revised UI (6.0), Vector Text, Healing Brush, Spell Checker (7.0), RAW Camera (7.0.1).
Photoshop 3.0 was released in September 1994 for Mac OS 7. A Windows version followed later in November. Notably, this was the first version with the Layers feature.
The first Photoshop CS was commercially released in October 2003 as the eighth major version of Photoshop. Photoshop CS has increased user control with a redesigned file browser that increases the versatility of searching, sorting, and sharing, and a histogram palette that tracks image changes as they are added to the document. Match Color was also introduced in CS, which reads color data to produce a
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